Institute for
International Law and Human Rights

Constitutional Development Rule of Law

IILHR Memo on Constitutional Provisions Related to the Authorities of Upper and Lower Legislative Houses

Provides provisions from the German, South African, Egyptian, and Nigerian constitutions related to the relative authorities of each country’s upper and lower legislative houses. Constitutional provisions provided include appointment responsibilities, the creation and regulation of state institutions supporting democracy, impeachment powers, jurisdiction over various types of legislation, jurisdiction over constitutional amendments, and powers related to the national budget.